Our Thyroid Gland

What is Thyroid?

The Thyroid Gland is an endocrine gland and it is located at the front of the neck, situated below the Adam’s Apple. It is a butterfly shaped organ and it comprises of two lobes, the left lobe and right lobe. The lobes lie on either side of the windpipe, and is connected by a narrow isthmus which is a strip of thyroid tissue. The isthmus is absent in some people, instead they have two separate thyroid lobes. It surrounds the cricoid and tracheal cartilages.

Hormones secreted by Thyroid

Thyroid hormones are secreted by the thyroid gland. These hormones control metabolism. Metabolism is the way that our body uses energy. The two main hormones secreted by the thyroid are

  1. Triiodothyronine (T3)
  2. Thyroxine (T4)
These hormones are necessary for a healthy body. The thyroid uses iodine to produce the vital hormones.

The role of TSH

TSH or Thyroid Stimulating Hormone is released by the pituitary gland. The hypothalamus produces TSH or thyroid stimulating hormone. When the level of thyroid hormone is low, the hypothalamus produces a hormone called Thyroid Releasing Hormone or TRH and this hormone causes the pituitary gland to produce TSH or Thyroid stimulating Hormone.

Thyroid disorders are conditions that affect the thyroid gland. The function or structure of the thyroid are affected by different types of thyroid disorders.

Best thyroid surgeon kerala Dr. R. Padmakumar is a Senior Consultant Laparoscopic and Metabolic Surgeon in Kochi. He is the first one to do Scarless Thyroid Surgery (Endoscopic Thyroidectomy) in Kerala and he is one among the few surgeons in the world doing Endoscopic Thyroidectomy. Dr. Padmakumar is well known in the international medical groups as one among the few surgeons adept at performing endoscopic thyroidectomy.

Dr Padmakumar’s expertise is sought by Dubai Hospital which is a Government run hospital regularly to conduct endoscopic thyroid surgeries for tumors in thyroid and parathyroid gland. This is a rare honor for an Indian Surgeon.

Dr. R. Padmakumar has various publications. " A retrospective analysis of 200 axillary route thyroidectomy cases." is a publication by Dr. R. Padmakumar on Endoscopic Thyroidectomy.

Best Thyroid Surgeon - Dubai Hospital Invitation for thyroid surgery
Newspaper clipping - Dr. R. Padmakumar Invited in Dubai Hospital for Endoscopic Thyroidectomy Procedure
Best Thyroid Surgeon - Dubai Hospital Invitation for thyroid surgery
An extremely rare honor for an Indian - Dr. R. Padmakumar Invited in Dubai Hospital for Endoscopic Thyroidectomy Procedure

Contact Details

Dr. R. Padmakumar
Senior Consultant Laparoscopic and Metabolic Surgeon &
Director - Verwandeln Institute (Transforming Lives)
(Specialist in Laparoscopy, Hernia, Cancer, Obesity, Diabetes Surgery, Endoscopic Thyroid Surgery, Thoracoscopy, Intragastric Balloon)
Keyhole Clinic, Thammanam Road, Plarivattom, Kerala, Kochi, India
Lakeshore Hospital, Maradu, Kerala, Kochi, India

Consultant Surgeon
Starcare Hospital, Mawaleh, Seeb, Muscat, Oman (+968 24557200)
Medeor 24x7 Hospital, Dubai (+971 4 350 0600)


Mobile: +919447230370, +919846320370 (India)
Mobile: 00971567581025 (UAE)
Email: drrpadmakumar@gmail.com


National President - Indian Hernia Society
GC Member, Association of Surgeons of India
Vice President- Society of Endoscopic and Laparoscopic Surgeons of India
Jt. Secretary - Indian Association of Endocrine Surgeons
Founder Member, Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Society Of India
Founder Member, Association of Minimal Access Surgeons of India
International Faculty of IASGO on Hernia and Diabetic Surgery
International Faculty of IFSO on Diabetic Surgery
Associate Editor : Diabetes and Obesity International Journal